crypto terms to learn before investing for beginners banner

Crypto terms to learn before investing for beginners

As crypto continues to grow exponentially over the years, more potential investors continue to look into it. Understanding more about the crypto market is important if you see its potential and are interested in investing in it. 

One of the best things you can do to overcome the crypto learning curve is to read guides on its basic terminologies. This will help you gain a basic grasp of what these digital assets are all about. 

Once you have a deeper understanding of the processes of the crypto market, betting on Bitcasino live casino games will be a breeze! With this, you will find a compiled list of common crypto terms and how they work below.

Common terms you will encounter frequently

To help you get started, let’s start with some of the most fundamental terms you’ll hear and use when it comes to cryptocurrencies. Here, you will learn about the different kinds of coins that are available and the technologies that are used to keep the crypto market secure and private. 


You’ve probably heard of the term ‘Bitcoin’ before because it was regarded as the first crypto to exist in 2009. It was published by an anonymous creator or creators who went by the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto.

Bitcoin was first launched in 2008 when Nakamoto published a paper titled ‘Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System’ through a crypto mailing list. It was then made available as open-source software just a year later.

One of the biggest reasons why Bitcoin is a prominent asset in the market is due to how blatantly decentralised it is. 

It runs on an open network of computers around the world and is maintained by a group of volunteer programmers. This drew in people who didn’t typically have faith in those in charge of the government and banks. 


Any other token that is not Bitcoin (BTC) is referred to as an altcoin. According to Statista data, there are over 10,000 altcoins available as of 2022, with Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT), and Cardano (ADA) being the three most widely used ones. 


Stablecoins are a different kind of crypto that have their values linked to a real-world currency or good. A stablecoin’s purpose is to offer stability in contrast to the volatile nature of larger crypto like Bitcoin and Ethereum. 


Memecoins are purely speculative assets with no chance of practical use. The most well-known is Dogecoin (DOGE), but there are a ton more such as Shiba Inu, Vita Inu, and so on. DOGE, one of the top digital currencies in the market, originated from a dog meme on the internet. Memes have always been a tool that connected people, so it was no surprise that DOGE took over the crypto sphere by storm. 


Fiat money refers to legal tenders that are used in traditional financial systems such as the US dollar, Japanese yen, Indian rupee, and so on. It is a government-issued currency. This means that it depends on supply and demand and the issuing government, and the commodity’s value may vary. 


The process involves distributing decision-making power among the network’s or blockchain’s participants in an equitable manner. It is unaffected by outside mediators and governmental meddling.

Decentralised Finance (DeFi)

The term ‘Decentralised Finance,’ or simply ‘DeFi,’ refers to all decentralised financial alternatives to the current system. It enables people to access financial services and goods that don’t rely on the government or other centralised intermediaries and includes banking, insurance, and other money management functions.  

Decentralised Applications (dApp)

Decentralised applications, or DApps, are open-source programmes constructed on a blockchain. On April 22, 2016, the Ethereum blockchain saw the launch of the first dApp, and since then, the number of dApps has steadily increased. 


All transactions involving specific crypto are entered into a blockchain, which is a digital public ledger. The updated ledger is then distributed to all network members after being recorded. Since the data on the blockchain cannot be changed or manipulated, this enables people to conduct transactions without the use of middlemen.


Blockchains are discrete blocks that make up a crypto and store records of transactions. Each block has a maximum amount of data it can store before forming a new block to continue the chain.


Genesis Block

The first block of crypto ever mined is known as the ‘Genesis Block’. This happened in 2009 when the person or people who invented Bitcoin released the first block of the blockchain, which contained 50 BTC, on Sourceforge under the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto.

Terms for the validation process

The crypto market doesn’t rely on third-party intermediaries to supervise all transactions because it is largely decentralised. Through ‘consensus mechanisms’, which enable computers within a network to judge whether the transactions are legitimate or not, crypto ensure the validity and integrity of transactions.

To understand further, listed below are the common terms used when talking about the validation process. 


One of the computers used to run the software of a specific blockchain is referred to as a node. It is used to verify and save the network’s record of transactions.


Mining is a process used by some cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin, to validate new transactions before they are added to the blockchain. In addition, it is employed to produce new coins. It utilises a network of powerful computers, or ‘nodes’, that operate together. 


Before being inputted on a block, transaction data is ‘hash-processed’, or run through a hashing algorithm to produce a string of characters of a specific length.

Proof of Work (PoW)

The traditional consensus mechanism employed by Bitcoin, Ethereum 1.0, and other older crypto is known as proof of Work, or PoW. Through this, miners from all over the world compete to figure out a challenging math puzzle to validate transactions. 

They receive a set amount of crypto from the network in exchange for using a lot of processing power.

Proof of Stake (PoS)

Only the miners who control the majority of coins in circulation can validate a transaction using the PoS consensus algorithm. In short, if the miners have more money, they can do more with that power. 

The PoS system selects a participant from a network to verify and add the most recent number of transactions into the blockchain in exchange for crypto. To validate transactions and update the data on the blockchain, the validators must first ‘stake’ their crypto.


In the crypto world, you must pay a charge known as a ‘gas price’ to complete transactions. The crypto miner who receives the information to verify your transaction is paid with this. You can choose between paying more for faster transactions or paying less for slower ones. 

Terms used when buying and selling crypto

There are terms you should be familiar with before you can proceed with your first crypto transaction. This includes terms for purchasing and keeping your crypto assets. 

Crypto exchange

The most common way to purchase crypto coins is through exchanges, which are platforms that facilitate the buying and selling of coins between users. Some of the most trusted and popular exchanges are Binance, Coinbase, and OKX.

Crypto key

A crypto key is essential to maintaining the confidentiality and security of every transaction. A private key and a public key are two different types of codes made up of a combination of letters and numbers that are used to access and conduct transactions with your online crypto assets.

You’ll receive both public and private keys after purchasing your first crypto on a crypto exchange. Public keys can be safely distributed to others and used to send and receive money from other users. 

However, since private keys are required to access all of your crypto assets, they shouldn’t be shared.

Market capitalization

The term market capitalization, or simply ‘market cap’, refers to the total value of a particular crypto. It is used to rank the performance of crypto because those with a higher market cap are typically more dominant in the market. You must multiply a crypto’s current price by its circulating supply to determine its overall value.

Crypto wallet

Crypto is kept in a wallet just like fiat money. However, crypto wallets can be tangible objects, software applications, or online platforms that house public and/or private keys needed to access and use your coins. 

Hot wallet

There are two different kinds of crypto wallets, the first of which is a hot wallet that can be accessed online. Since it operates online, it provides a more practical way to access your crypto assets. Due to its vulnerability to hacking and other online threats, it is thought to be less secure than offline wallets.

Cold wallet

A cold wallet, also known as cold storage, is a way to store your crypto assets entirely offline, as opposed to other types of crypto wallets that are accessible online. These are typically real things that resemble USB devices. 

Explore the crypto world and start investing now!

The most crucial step in making a crypto investment is first to research and understand the market in question to make informed decisions. It is not sufficient to simply understand how cryptography works. To fully comprehend how the system operates, you must also become familiar with the terms and jargon used.

The most frequent terms you’ll hear used to describe the various forms of crypto include bitcoin, altcoin, and stablecoin. Additionally, there are more technical terms for buying, storing, and validating transactions with crypto. 

To make profitable investments and play Bitcasino slots with ease, you must learn and remember all of these things because doing so will help you gain a deeper understanding of the market.